Movies have become so massive over the years. Enormous spectacles of explosions and computer generated imagery that dwarf the efforts of yesteryear in terms of sheer spectacle on offer. But the past hasn’t been forgotten. The blood, sweat and tears that were poured into making a clay figure move realistically, or the hours needed to craft an army with which to fight a hero for a few minutes were unreal a few decades ago.
And back then, the king of such special effects, was undoubtedly Ray Harryhausen.
Harryhausen passed away at the age of 92 yesterday. The special effects guru helped pioneer the use of animation in movies, particularly when those early special effects were used in live action films. Harryhausen worked on numerous films throughout his lengthy career, from his humble beginnings on movies such as 1949’s Mighty Joe Young, through to his masterpiece in 1981, Clash of the Titans. His family issued the following statement after his death:
Raymond Frederick Harryhausen
Born: Los Angeles 29th June 1920
Died: London 7th May 2013.
The Harryhausen family regret to announce the death of Ray Harryhausen, Visual Effects pioneer and stop-motion model animator. He was a multi-award winner which includes a special Oscar and BAFTA. Ray’s influence on today’s film makers was enormous, with luminaries; Steven Spielberg, James Cameron, Peter Jackson, George Lucas, John Landis and the UK’s own Nick Park have cited Harryhausen as being the man whose work inspired their own creations.
Harryhausen’s fascination with animated models began when he first saw Willis O’Brien’s creations in KING KONG with his boyhood friend, the author Ray Bradbury in 1933, and he made his first foray into filmmaking in 1935 with home-movies that featured his youthful attempts at model animation. Over the period of the next 46 years, he made some of the genres best known movies – MIGHTY JOE YOUNG (1949), IT CAME FROM BENEATH THE SEA (1955), 20 MILLION MILES TO EARTH (1957), MYSTERIOUS ISLAND (1961), ONE MILLION YEARS B.C. (1966), THER VALLEY OF GWANGI (1969), three films based on the adventures of SINBAD and CLASH OF THE TITANS (1981). He is perhaps best remembered for his extraordinary animation of seven skeletons in JASON AND THE ARGONAUTS (1963) which took him three months to film.
Harryhausen’s genius was in being able to bring his models alive. Whether they were prehistoric dinosaurs or mythological creatures, in Ray’s hands they were no longer puppets but became instead characters in their own right, just as important as the actors they played against and in most cases even more so.
Today The Ray & Diana Harryhausen Foundation, a charitable Trust set up by Ray on the 10th April 1986, is devoted to the protection of Ray’s name and body of work as well as archiving, preserving and restoring Ray’s extensive Collection.
Tributes have been heaped upon Harryhausen for his work by his peers in recent years.
“Ray has been a great inspiration to us all in special visual industry. The art of his earlier films, which most of us grew up on, inspired us so much.” “Without Ray Harryhausen, there would likely have been no STAR WARS”
“THE LORD OF THE RINGS is my ‘Ray Harryhausen movie’. Without his life-long love of his wondrous images and storytelling it would never have been made – not by me at least”
“In my mind he will always be the king of stop-motion animation”
“His legacy of course is in good hands
Because it’s carried in the DNA of so many film fans.”
“You know I’m always saying to the guys that I work with now on computer graphics “do it like Ray Harryhausen”
“What we do now digitally with computers, Ray did digitally long before but without computers. Only with his digits.”
“His patience, his endurance have inspired so many of us.”
“Ray, your inspiration goes with us forever.”
“I think all of us who are practioners in the arts of science fiction and fantasy movies now all feel that we’re standing on the shoulders of a giant.
If not for Ray’s contribution to the collective dreamscape, we wouldn’t be who we are.”
Man, I hope Stan Winston was waiting up above for the magician of motion capture with a cold drink in his hand. Rest In Peace Harryhausen.
Last Updated: May 8, 2013